How to Make CBD Oil: From Harvest to Home

cbd oil next to a hemp leaf

In recent years, CBD oil has become a popular natural remedy for various ailments, from everyday stress and relaxation to restlessness and better sleep support

But what exactly is CBD oil, and how is it made? We’ll guide you through the process of making CBD oil, from the initial harvesting of the hemp plant to the CBD products that show up on your front door. 

Let’s start with the root of the question… 

Key Takeaways

  • CBD oil, derived from hemp, is non-psychoactive and offers natural therapeutic benefits.
  • Harvesting involves growing hemp, collecting mature plants, and drying for optimal CBD levels.
  • Extraction methods include CO2, oil infusion, solvent, or solventless extraction for CBD purity.
  • Third-party testing ensures CBD concentration and the absence of harmful substances.
  • DIY CBD oil can be made at home using decarboxylation and infusion methods.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD (cannabidiol) oil is a product derived from the cannabis plant – be it marijuana or hemp. Unlike its cousin THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is not psychoactive, meaning it does not produce the "high" associated with marijuana use. 

It is extracted from the hemp plant, a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial uses. CBD is known for its therapeutic properties and is used as a more natural alternative to other options for various health issues, including anxiety, pain, and insomnia, among many others. 

As research has continued to expand around the benefits of CBD and its uses, it’s become abundantly clear that CBD oil is a viable, more natural solution for everyday problems that millions of people suffer from. 

From extreme cases to everyday uses, the making of CBD oil and the transparency that goes along with that process is essential to maintaining the quality of all CBD products. So everyone can enjoy the power of CBD! 

natural cbd oil tincture on a pedestal

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Step-by-Step Guide on Making CBD Oil

Making CBD oil involves several steps, from growing the hemp plant to extracting the CBD and finally producing the oil. 

Here’s a detailed look at each step in the process:

Step 1. Harvesting Hemp Plants

  • Growing Hemp

The first step is growing the hemp plant. Hemp thrives in a mild climate and well-drained soil. It's a hardy plant that grows quickly and densely, usually requiring little pesticide or herbicide use.

  • Harvesting

Hemp plants for CBD oil are usually harvested when they are mature and the CBD levels are optimal. This typically occurs in late summer or early fall. The plants are cut, and the flowers, where the highest concentration of CBD is found, are collected.

  • Drying and Curing

After harvesting, the hemp plants are dried. This is usually done by hanging the plants upside down in a well-ventilated, dry room. The drying process can take several days to weeks.

Once dried, the plant material may go through a curing process, which involves storing the dried plant in controlled conditions to optimize the CBD and terpene profile.

Step 2. Extraction of CBD

  • CO2 Extraction

This is a popular method for extracting CBD oil, as it preserves the purity of the CBD. The process involves pressurizing carbon dioxide to extract CBD from the plant material.

  • Oil Extraction

Another common method is using a carrier oil, like olive oil, to extract CBD. The plant material is heated with the oil, which extracts the cannabinoids.

  • Solvent Extraction

Solvents like ethanol can also be used, but this method can be risky due to the flammable nature of the solvents and the potential for residue in the final product.

Step 3. Refining and Distillation

After extraction, the crude CBD oil undergoes further refinement to remove unwanted substances like waxes and chlorophyll. This process may include winterization (freezing the oil to separate out the fats) and distillation.

Step 4. Third-Party Testing

Quality CBD products often undergo third-party lab testing to ensure the concentration of CBD and the absence of harmful substances like pesticides and heavy metals. This is an important step in the process because not every company is willing to take their efforts this far. 

It’s important to seek companies that offer the results of their third-party testing to ensure that you’re getting a quality product every time you order. 

Step 5. Formulating the Final Product

The refined CBD oil can then be formulated into various products. This might include adding carrier oils, flavors, or other ingredients to create the final CBD oil product. Just about every CBD product uses some variety of CBD oil for its initial manufacturing process:

Step 6. Bottling and Packaging

The final step is bottling and packaging the CBD oil in a way that preserves its quality and makes it convenient for consumers to use.

DIY Making CBD Oil at Home

While commercial production of CBD oil involves sophisticated equipment and processes, it is possible to make a simple version of CBD oil at home. Just be sure to use high-quality hemp flowers and a carrier oil like coconut or olive oil. 

Here’s a basic method:

Decarboxylation

First, decarboxylate your hemp. This process involves heating the hemp in an oven at around 220°F (104°C) for about an hour to activate the CBD.

Infusion

    Combine the decarboxylated hemp with your carrier oil in a pot or slow cooker and heat it on low for a few hours. This allows the CBD to infuse into the oil.

    Straining

      Once the infusion is complete, strain the oil to remove the plant material. You can use a cheesecloth or fine mesh strainer for this.

      Storing

        Store the CBD oil in a cool, dark place. It can be stored in a glass dropper bottle for easy use.

        A Look Back at How to Make CBD Oil 

        Making CBD oil is a meticulous process that requires attention to detail at every step, from the cultivation of the hemp plant to the extraction and formulation of the oil. 

        While commercial CBD oils are widely available, understanding the production process can help consumers make more informed choices about the products they use. 

        For those interested in a more hands-on approach, making CBD oil at home can be a rewarding experience, allowing for customization and control over the end product. 

        Or just turn to the trusted experts at evn CBD for the best in premium CBD and THC products available every day! 

        Disclaimer: None of what is published on evn-cbd.com is intended to be professional medical advice. Consult your health practitioner regarding any medical treatment or diagnosis.

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