Magnesium Glycinate vs. Citrate: Exploring the Similarities and Differences

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Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, including muscle function, nerve transmission, and energy production. It is involved in over 300 biochemical reactions in the body, making it vital for overall health.

Two popular forms of magnesium supplements, magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate, have gained attention for their potential benefits. In this blog, we will explore the similarities and differences between magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate to help you make an informed decision about which one might be best for you.

Key Takeaways

  • Magnesium is an essential mineral that’s a vital part of supporting the entire body, offering a diverse range of health benefits, including support for muscle function, bone health, nerve function, energy production, and more. 
  • Magnesium works with calcium and vitamin D to promote strong and healthy bones by aiding in the absorption and metabolism of calcium. 
  • Different forms of magnesium supplements, such as magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate, have distinct characteristics. Factors like absorption rate, laxative effects, and individual preferences should be considered when choosing a magnesium supplement based on specific health goals and potential sensitivities. 
  • It's important to note that while magnesium supplements can be beneficial, it's equally crucial to maintain an overall balanced and varied diet rich in magnesium-containing foods, such as nuts, seeds, whole grains, leafy green vegetables, and legumes.

Much like other natural supplements, like L-theanine drinks, Ashwandha, and of course, CBD, Magnesium has a lot of natural power that can benefit the body in a number of ways. Let’s find out how!

Benefits of Using Magnesium Supplements 

Magnesium has long been studied as a natural alternative for a wide variety of properties, benefits, and uses. 

Both magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate provide elemental magnesium, the form that the body can absorb and utilize. The elemental magnesium content is a key factor to consider when comparing different magnesium supplements.

The health benefits associated with magnesium supplementation are similar for both magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate. Including things like: 

  • Muscle Function

Several studies suggest Magnesium is essential for proper muscle function, including muscle contractions and relaxation. Adequate magnesium levels can help prevent muscle cramps and spasms.

  • Bone Health

Magnesium works in conjunction with calcium and vitamin D to support bone health. It helps in the absorption and metabolism of calcium, contributing to the development and maintenance of strong and healthy bones.

  • Nerve Function

Magnesium is involved in the transmission of nerve signals. It helps regulate the flow of ions in and out of nerve cells, which is crucial for proper nerve function.

  • Energy Production

Magnesium is a cofactor for several enzymes involved in energy metabolism. It plays a key role in the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the primary energy currency of the cells.

  • Cardiovascular Health

Magnesium helps maintain a regular heartbeat and supports overall cardiovascular health. It can help regulate blood pressure and may contribute to the prevention of conditions like hypertension.

  • Blood Sugar Regulation

Magnesium plays a role in insulin metabolism and the regulation of blood sugar levels. Adequate magnesium levels may help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and improve insulin sensitivity.

  • Stress Management

Magnesium has been associated with stress reduction and relaxation. It can help modulate the activity of the nervous system, promoting a general sense of calm.

  • Migraine Prevention

Some studies suggest that magnesium supplementation may help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines. It is believed to have a vasodilator effect and may influence neurotransmitter activity associated with migraines.

It's important to note that while magnesium supplements can be beneficial, it's equally as important to maintain a proper healthy diet. This should include a varied diet rich in magnesium-containing foods like seeds, nuts, whole grains, leafy vegetables, and legumes. 

And as always, talk with your doctor before starting any new supplement regimen. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate dosage and ensure that it aligns with your individual health needs and any existing medical conditions.

Understanding the Differences Between Magnesium Glycinate and Magnesium Citrate

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Although they have many similar benefits and properties, there are some important differences between both magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate. Both can be great supplemental additions to an everyday wellness routine, but understanding the key differences will help determine which is right for you! 

Key Benefits of Magnesium Glycinate

Magnesium glycinate is a magnesium salt combined with glycine. Glycine is an amino acid that not only aids in magnesium absorption but also provides additional health benefits according to several studies

  • Sleep Support

Magnesium itself has some underlying sleep support benefits, particularly in the form of  magnesium glycinate which is known for its calming effects. It may help improve sleep quality and support relaxation, making it beneficial for individuals with insomnia or difficulty sleeping.

  • Glycine Content

Glycine has a calming effect on the nervous system, which may be particularly beneficial for individuals looking to support relaxation and sleep.

Key Benefits of Magnesium Citrate

Magnesium citrate is a type of magnesium supplement that consists of magnesium combined with citric acid. This combination results in a compound with a mildly acidic nature. 

  • Sleep and Relaxation Support

Magnesium citrate also can support sleep, and help you relax in the same way that magnesium glycinate can.

  • Laxative Effect

Magnesium citrate may have a mild laxative effect for some, making it a popular choice for individuals dealing with constipation. This laxative property is due to magnesium citrate's ability to attract water into the intestines, softening the stool and promoting bowel movements. 

Types of Magnesium Supplement Products

Talk a walk around a local pharmacy, grocery store, or wellness center and you’ll see that there are several types of magnesium supplement products available. In fact, there are many forms of magnesium supplements outside of just magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate. 

Each features different forms of magnesium with their own set of benefits and ideal uses. 

Magnesium Glycinate Supplements

Product Form: Capsules, tablets, powder

Magnesium glycinate supplements are widely available in oral forms, providing a well-absorbed and gentle option for those seeking relaxation, stress management, and improved sleep.

Magnesium Citrate Supplements

Product Form: Liquid solution, capsules, tablets

Magnesium citrate supplements are commonly found in liquid form, often used as a gentle laxative for constipation relief. Capsules and tablets are also available for those who prefer these formats.

Magnesium Malate Supplements

Product Form: Capsules, tablets, powder

These supplements come in various oral forms and may be marketed for their potential benefits in supporting energy production and alleviating muscle pain.

Magnesium L-Threonate Supplements

Product Form: Capsules

Magnesium L-threonate supplements are typically available in capsule form, targeting cognitive benefits by crossing the blood-brain barrier. They are often marketed for brain health support.

Magnesium Orotate Supplements

Product Form: Capsules

Magnesium orotate supplements are commonly found in capsule form, offering a source of magnesium with potential cardiovascular benefits.

Chelated Magnesium Supplements

Product Form: Capsules, tablets

Chelated magnesium supplements, which typically involve magnesium bound to an amino acid for improved absorption, are available in oral forms such as capsules and tablets.

Magnesium Drink Mixes

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Product Form: Powder

Some magnesium supplements come in the form of powder mixes that can be dissolved in water or other beverages. These may be flavored and offer an alternative for those who prefer not to take capsules or tablets.

Magnesium Glycinate vs. Magnesium Citrate Supplements: Which One is Right for You?

Choosing between magnesium glycinate and magnesium citrate depends on individual health goals, preferences, and potential sensitivities. 

Both forms offer a lot of the same valuable health benefits of magnesium, but their distinct characteristics make them more suitable for specific purposes. Magnesium glycinate, with its higher absorption rate, may be a good choice for those looking for relaxation and sleep support.

On the other hand, magnesium citrate may be more appropriate for individuals seeking relaxation and sleep support, and relief from mild constipation (magnesium citrate can offer a gentle detoxifying effect.)

Always remember it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen. They can provide personalized advice based on your health status, goals, and potential sensitivities. 

Additionally, paying attention to the overall magnesium intake from both diet and supplements is crucial to maintaining a healthy balance and reaping the maximum benefits of this essential mineral. 

And keep coming back to for more info on the best ways to promote a better, more naturally healthy lifestyle! 


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